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John Shortland

born in 1793, the son of John Shortland, entered the navy in 1755. An experienced officer he was appointed naval agent to the First Fleet, responsible for overseeing the fulfilment of the contracts for transport, and in charge of the masters of all the ships. He attended to many details on Phillip's behalf and deserves much of the credit for the success of the voyage.

Shortland remained at Port Jackson until 14 July 1788, when he sailed for England on the Alexander. He carried Phillips first dispatches to the secretary of state, and made many charts of the islands and reefs on the return voyage via Batavia. He arrived in England in May 1789, and was promoted commander in 1790. After active service, he retired to Lille in France, where he died on 16 January 1803, and was survived by his wife Margaret Rutherford, and two sons.

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