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Associated with the discovery of gold in Australia. Hargraves was born in England in 1816 and first came to Australia in 1832. He worked at various jobs before joining the California gold rush in 1849. He returned intent upon finding gold in Australia in payable quantities (numerous small finds had been made, and the government had posted a reward for the location of payable deposits). In 1951 he panned a small quantity of gold at a place he named Ophir, near Bathurst in New South Wales. Hargraves taught his companions Lister and the Tom brothers to pan using a cradle, and travelled to Sydney to publicise his find. Lister and the Toms located deposits in payable quantities at Ophir in April 1951, and Hargraves staked the claim for the site and collected the 500 pound reward. He later received a further 10,000 and a noted position in society but died in poverty as authorities realised that Lister and the Toms had been the ones to discover gold in payable quantities.

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